XPO (NYSE: XPO) today announced its financial results for the second quarter 2023, reflecting a solid performance in a soft industry environment for freight transportation. The company reported revenue of $1.92 billion and diluted earnings from continuing operations per share of $0.27.
Mario Harik, chief executive officer of XPO, said, “Our business performed above expectations in the second quarter, delivering adjusted EBITDA of $244 million and adjusted diluted EPS of $0.71.
“In North American LTL, we sequentially improved our adjusted operating ratio more than our forecast, and operated with greater labor efficiency. Our shipments per day were higher than a year ago, driven by our quality of service, with yield growth getting stronger as the quarter progressed.
“Our momentum continued into July, when we moved more volume through our network, accelerating year-over-year growth in tonnage and shipments per day to 4% and 9%, respectively. Our yield growth also continued to improve in July, driven by our pricing initiatives.”
Harik continued, “Looking forward, we’ll continue to deliver financial and operational excellence through the disciplined execution of our LTL 2.0 plan. This includes ongoing investments in network capacity of tractors, trailers and doors. We remain confident in achieving our long-term targets.”
Second Quarter Highlights
For the second quarter 2023, revenue was $1.92 billion, compared to $2.05 billion for the same period in 2022. The year-over-year reduction in revenue was due primarily to lower fuel surcharge revenue.
Net income from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders was $31 million for the second quarter 2023, compared with $96 million for the same period in 2022. Operating income was $107 million for the second quarter, compared with $171 million for the same period in 2022. Diluted earnings from continuing operations per share was $0.27 for the second quarter, compared with $0.83 for the same period in 2022.
Adjusted net income from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders, a non-GAAP financial measure, was $83 million for the second quarter, compared with $132 million for the same period in 2022. Adjusted diluted earnings from continuing operations per share (“adjusted diluted EPS”), a non-GAAP financial measure, was $0.71 for the second quarter, compared with $1.14 for the same period in 2022.
Adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“adjusted EBITDA”), a non-GAAP financial measure, was $244 million for the second quarter, compared with $289 million for the same period in 2022. The year-over-year reduction in adjusted EBITDA was due primarily to lower fuel surcharge revenue.
The company generated $131 million of cash flow from operating activities in the second quarter. Free cash flow, a non-GAAP financial measure, was $5 million, after $126 million of net capital expenditures.
Reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures in this press release are provided in the attached financial tables.
Results by Business Segment
- North American Less-Than-Truckload (LTL): The segment generated revenue of $1.14 billion for the second quarter 2023, compared with $1.24 billion for the same period in 2022. On a year-over-year basis, shipments per day increased 1.9%, tonnage per day decreased 2.8%, and yield, excluding fuel, increased 1.4%. Including fuel, yield decreased 6.0%.
Operating income was $129 million for the second quarter 2023, compared with $197 million for the same period in 2022. Adjusted operating ratio, a non-GAAP financial measure, was 87.6%, compared with 83.2% a year ago, reflecting a headwind of 110 basis points of incremental depreciation expense from increased capital investment in the business.
Adjusted EBITDA for the second quarter 2023 was $208 million, compared with $274 million for the same period in 2022. The year-over-year reduction in adjusted EBITDA was due primarily to lower fuel surcharge revenue and pension income.
- European Transportation: The segment generated revenue of $781 million for the second quarter 2023, compared with $807 million for the same period in 2022.
Operating income was $12 million for the second quarter 2023, compared with $15 million for the same period in 2022. Adjusted EBITDA was $46 million for the second quarter 2023, compared with $49 million for the same period in 2022.
The company will hold a conference call on Friday, August 4, 2023, at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Time. Participants can call toll-free (from US/Canada) 1-877-269-7756; international callers dial +1-201-689-7817. A live webcast of the conference will be available on the investor relations area of the company’s website, xpo.com/investors. The conference will be archived until September 4, 2023. To access the replay by phone, call toll-free (from US/Canada) 1-877-660-6853; international callers dial +1-201-612-7415. Use participant passcode 13739968.
XPO, Inc. (NYSE: XPO) is one of the largest providers of asset-based less-than-truckload (LTL) transportation in North America, with proprietary technology that moves goods efficiently through its network. Together with its business in Europe, XPO serves approximately 49,000 customers with 562 locations and 37,000 employees. The company is headquartered in Greenwich, Conn., USA. Visit xpo.com for more information, and connect with XPO on Facebook, X, LinkedIn, Instagram and YouTube.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
As required by the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), we provide reconciliations of the non-GAAP financial measures contained in this press release to the most directly comparable measure under GAAP, which are set forth in the financial tables attached to this press release.
XPO’s non-GAAP financial measures in this press release include: adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“adjusted EBITDA”) on a consolidated basis and for corporate; adjusted EBITDA margin on a consolidated basis; adjusted net income from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders; adjusted diluted earnings from continuing operations per share (“adjusted diluted EPS”); free cash flows; adjusted operating income for our North American Less-Than-Truckload and European Transportation segments; and adjusted operating ratio for our North American Less-Than-Truckload segment.
We believe that the above adjusted financial measures facilitate analysis of our ongoing business operations because they exclude items that may not be reflective of, or are unrelated to, XPO and its business segments’ core operating performance, and may assist investors with comparisons to prior periods and assessing trends in our underlying businesses. Other companies may calculate these non-GAAP financial measures differently, and therefore our measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. These non-GAAP financial measures should only be used as supplemental measures of our operating performance.
Adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, adjusted net income from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders and adjusted diluted EPS include adjustments for transaction and integration costs, as well as restructuring costs and other adjustments as set forth in the attached tables. Transaction and integration adjustments are generally incremental costs that result from an actual or planned acquisition, divestiture or spin-off and may include transaction costs, consulting fees, stock-based compensation, retention awards, and internal salaries and wages (to the extent the individuals are assigned full-time to integration and transformation activities) and certain costs related to integrating and converging IT systems. Restructuring costs primarily relate to severance costs associated with business optimization initiatives. Management uses these non-GAAP financial measures in making financial, operating and planning decisions and evaluating XPO’s and each business segment’s ongoing performance.
We believe that free cash flow is an important measure of our ability to repay maturing debt or fund other uses of capital that we believe will enhance stockholder value. We calculate free cash flow as net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations, less payment for purchases of property and equipment plus proceeds from sale of property and equipment. We believe that adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin improve comparability from period to period by removing the impact of our capital structure (interest and financing expenses), asset base (depreciation and amortization), tax impacts and other adjustments as set out in the attached tables that management has determined are not reflective of core operating activities and thereby assist investors with assessing trends in our underlying businesses. We believe that adjusted net income from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders and adjusted diluted EPS improve the comparability of our operating results from period to period by removing the impact of certain costs and gains that management has determined are not reflective of our core operating activities, including amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, transaction and integration costs, restructuring costs and other adjustments as set out in the attached tables. We believe that adjusted operating income and adjusted operating ratio improve the comparability of our operating results from period to period by removing the impact of certain transaction and integration costs and restructuring costs, as well as amortization expenses as set out in the attached tables.
This release includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. All statements other than statements of historical fact are, or may be deemed to be, forward-looking statements. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking terms such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “should,” “will,” “expect,” “objective,” “projection,” “forecast,” “goal,” “guidance,” “outlook,” “effort,” “target,” “trajectory” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terms. These forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and analyses made by us in light of our experience and our perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors we believe are appropriate in the circumstances.
These forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions that may cause actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause or contribute to a material difference include the risks discussed in our filings with the SEC, and the following: the effects of business, economic, political, legal, and regulatory impacts or conflicts upon our operations; supply chain disruptions, the global shortage of certain components such as semiconductor chips, strains on production or extraction of raw materials, cost inflation and labor and equipment shortages; our ability to align our investments in capital assets, including equipment, service centers, and warehouses and other network facilities, to our customers’ demands; our ability to implement our cost and revenue initiatives; the effectiveness of our action plan, and other management actions, to improve our North American LTL business; our ability to benefit from a sale or other divestiture of one or more business units; our ability to successfully integrate and realize anticipated synergies, cost savings and profit improvement opportunities with respect to acquired and spun-off companies; goodwill impairment, including in connection with a business unit sale or other divestiture; fluctuations in currency exchange rates; fuel price and fuel surcharge changes; the expected benefits of the spin-off of RXO, Inc.; the impact of the prior spin-offs of GXO Logistics, Inc. and RXO, Inc. on the size and business diversity of our company; our ability to develop and implement suitable information technology systems and prevent failures in or breaches of such systems; our indebtedness; our ability to raise debt and equity capital; fluctuations in fixed and floating interest rates; our ability to maintain positive relationships with our network of third-party transportation providers; our ability to attract and retain qualified drivers; labor matters; litigation; risks associated with our self-insured claims; governmental or political actions; and competition and pricing pressures.
All forward-looking statements set forth in this release are qualified by these cautionary statements and there can be no assurance that the actual results or developments anticipated by us will be realized or, even if substantially realized, that they will have the expected consequences to or effects on us or our business or operations. Forward-looking statements set forth in this release speak only as of the date hereof, and we do not undertake any obligation to update forward-looking statements except to the extent required by law.